Cytology is a biopsy test where a breast physician or radiologist uses a fine needle to further investigate the findings of the previous tests.
Using ultrasound guidance the specialist will insert a fine needle into the area of breast change in order to collect a small sample of cells (cytology) for pathology testing.
The sample will be analysed immediately by one our pathologists. Together with our breast physicians and radiologists, the pathologist will determine a diagnosis or identify the need for core biopsy.
The patient will be provided with the results immediately by the treating breast physician or radiologist.
Typically fine needle biopsy causes only minimal discomfort and may cause minor bruising.
Similar to a fine needle biopsy, a core biopsy can be obtained using ultrasound guidance.
It collects tiny samples of breast tissue, and the localised area is numbed with anesthetic prior to the biopsy.
Core biopsy results are not available immediately, but are provided in two work days. The results will be discussed with the patient by either your breast physician or referring doctor.
Mammographic stereotactic core biopsy
If an abnormality can be seen on a mammogram but not on an ultrasound examination then a mammographically guided needle biopsy may be necessary.
This test is called a stereotactic biopsy, as two mammographic views are used to pinpoint the abnormality for biopsy.
The sample is obtained using a needle with vacuum suction and the tissue specimens are sent to the pathology laboratory for examination.
As with ultrasound guided core biopsy, the results are not available immediately, but are provided in two working days.
The results will be discussed with the patient by either the breast physician or referring doctor.